Skip to main content

Country Profile: Belgium


Population 10,400,000

Government Federal parliamentary democracy

Health Care Model Bismarck

GDP 395B (2010 est.)

%GDP spent on health care 9.5

Per capita income $37,900

Health care expense per capita 3,563 (adj.)

Health care expense per capita normalized to income of 50K 4,700

Life expectancy (m/f) 77/82

Health life expectancy (m/f) 69/73

Overview
  • Goals: Increasing access, ensuring quality of care, sustainability of system
  • Universal access
  • Choice of provider
  • Broad set of benefits
  • Mix of public and private funding
  • Economic efficiency of delivery comparable to other European nations
  • Regulated at national level
  • Preventive care and health promotion delivered at regional and community levels
Structure
The Belgian health care system is organized around a "principle of solidarity" that recognizes no distinction between rich and poor, healthy and sick, with no selection of risk. Based on the Bismarck concept of social insurance, the system covers more than 99% of the Belgian population with more than 8000 services. Treatment decisions are made by doctor and patient, and patients are free to choose their own doctor. 

Health policy decisions are split between Belgium's federal government, regions, and communities. The national government regulates and finances the system; among other responsibilities, regions and communities deliver public and preventive health and coordinate primary and palliative care.

Financing
Financing occurs through a combination of progressive taxation, social security taxes, a consumption tax, and out-of-pocket payments (20%). Six private, noncommercial sickness funds provide compulsory health insurance to all Belgians regardless of economic status, medical condition, or risk; a federal agency supplies a budget to the sickness funds. Patients make a co-pay to physicians or hospitals, which bill the sickness fund for the remainder. Occasionally, patients make an out-of-pocket payment.

Delivery
Although primary care is typically the first point of contact for a patient and the health care system, there is no formal referral system. Thus for many patients, the specialist is the initial contact. Ambulatory care practices are private and paid via fee-for-service.

Belgium offers two forms of hospitalization: general (acute, specialty, and geriatric) and psychiatric. Alternatives include day hospitals and long-term care facilities, as well as community services of the elderly and the mentally ill.

While communities have responsibility for most public health services, including education and preventive care, they have on occasion collaborated with the federal government to coordinate and finance public health activities such as immunization and breast cancer screening.
Generally, the federal government sets policy and sets targeted taxes. For example, Belgian taxes on cigarettes and alcohol are designed at the federal level to discourage consumption. However, Belgium's Flemish, French, and German communities establish policies for their particular health needs.

Challenges
Belgium's health care challenges are familiar: The elder population will double over the next 25 years, creating budgetary and capacity difficulties. Moreover, aggregate costs will rise as medical inflation continues to outstrip general inflation. As a result, the federal government and the community government will struggle to meet the commitments to access, quality, and sustainability. 

Overall
According to the Brookings Institution,
Devoting only half as much of its GDP to health as the United States does, Belgium has created a flexible, public-private partnership to pay for and deliver health care that preserves many of the attributes that Americans desire: universal coverage; comprehensive coverage of physician services, hospital care, and prescription drugs; free choice of primary physicians and specialists; and acceptable waiting periods for non-emergency services.
WHO Ranking  21 (US 37)

To read more about Belgium's health care system, click here and here.

Popular posts from this blog

Puas Rental dan Sewa Mobil Di Area Cirebon

Puas Rental Mobil Cirebon . Puas Rent car ialah perusahaan transportasi penyedia layanan rental mobil di Cirebon. Puas Rent Car ialah bagian dari perusahaan Puaspark – taman rekreasi keluarga sangat terjangkau di Cirebon Timur. Kami pun melayani lokasi Bekasi sampai Seluruh Cirebon. Armada kami ialah mobil-mobil dalam situasi terawat dan pun mobil-mobil keluaran baru. Dengan opsi mobil yang kami sediakan paling variatif dan harga yang paling kompetitif di Cirebon.
Contact Puas Rental Mobil



Bagi Kami Kepuasan Konsumen nomer Satu..
Untuk Pemesanan klik Rental Mobil Avanza Di Area Cirebon
Karena Disitu Adalah Website Resmi Dari Puas Rental Mobil Cirebon

Puas Rent Car Cirebon menawarkan guna Anda seperti: Avanza. Kami melayani penyewaan mobil guna harian maupun bulanan. Kami meluangkan supir. kita juga dapat menyewa mobil-mobil kami tanpa supir.

Menjadi perusahaan transportasi penyedia jasa penyewaan mobil yang handal. Menjadi parner transportasi terbaik Anda. Terdepan melayani sewa / ren…

The Food Allergy Herbal Formula-2 (FAHF-2) Laundry List

So in all the time I've been writing about our experience with FAHF-2, I have never done a comprehensive post with all the links/info I've found over the years. Consider the situation rectified! I'll add to this as I find new sources. If you have good ones, please feel free to add them to the comments as well.

My FAHF-2 Posts
FAHF-2 Trials In Chicago!

We're In

BTDT, Got the FAHF-2 Food Allergy Clinical Trial T-Shirt

Brief FAHF-2 Update

Halfway There...But the Second Half Is All Uphill

FAHF-2: The Holy Grail?

Waiting in the Wings for the Show to Begin

FAHF-2 Clinical Trial Summary

Other People's FAHF-2 Experiences (from around the web)Chinese pharmacy vs. through Dr. Li

For severe eczema/MRSA

New York Times article

For asthma (Vitality magazine)

An asthma patient's personal experience

Description of Dr. Li's treatment plan

What Is FAHF-2?Patent application (contains all ingredients)

Phase 1 Clinical Trial Report (has very specific info about formula ingredients)

Yellow Empero…

inaugural post

The Starker Arts Garden for Education finally has its very own blog. There's so much happening out at the garden that we just couldn't keep all the news from you any longer!

Stay tuned to this blog for updates on SAGE, upcoming event info, sustainable gardening tips, and other good grub fresh from the garden!  Feel free to subscribe to our blog by entering your e-mail address into the "Follow by E-mail" bar to the right.